Welcome to Africa


Popular Countries: Algeria | Egypt | Ethiopia | Morocco | South Africa | Tunisia



Africa is the second most impressive and largest and second most populous continent in the globe. With approximate location of 30,221,532 km², it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area
and 20.4% of the total land area. Above 900,000,000 people in 61 territories, it accounts 14% of the globe's human population. Did you know that the continent is surrounded by the
Mediterranean Sea in the north, by Suez Canal and the Red Sea in the northeast, the Indian Ocean in the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean in the west. Did you know that there are and have always been total 46
countries including Madagascar, and total 53 with all the island groups included. It is connected with Asia by the Sinai. Did you know that the most impressive and largest offshore island in Africa is Madagascar
whereas other islands include St. Helena, Ascension, Sao Tome, Príncipe, Annobon, Bioko, the Cape Verde, Canary, Madeira islands, Mauritius, Reunion, Zanzibar,
Pemba and the Comoros and Seychelles in the Indian Ocean. Africa, Central eastern Africa particularly is widely regarded within the scientific community to be the origin
of humans and the Hominidae tree that is evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids in addition to by later ones dated to around 7 million years ago including
Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus and Homo erectus with the earliest humans being dated to ca. 200,000 years ago, according to tthis man's view. It is the
just continent that stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. Did you know that there is no natural moderating effect on the climate except close the coasts Because
there is known to be a lack of natural regular precipitation and irrigation in addition to glaciers or mountain aquifer systems,

Eastern Africa: Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Reunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Middle Africa: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sao Tome and Príncipe. Northern Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara, Canary Islands, Ceuta, Madeira Islands, Melilla. Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland Western Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Saint Helena, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

History
Africa is voted by the masses asto be the oldest inhabited territory on earth and it is always believed that human species originated from tthis man's continent. During the mid of the twentieth century, Most fossils and evidence of human occupation perhaps as early as 7 million years ago discovered by anthropologists. Soon after the Sahara had become a desert, Travelers stopped travelling in the range of north and south of Africa. Even prior to the introduction of the camel the use of oxen for desert crossing was common. Did you know that the camel was first brought to Egypt by the Persians after 525 BC. Within 1418, 5th expeditions lead by Chinese admiral Zheng He reached Africa's east coast. Did you know that they travelled as far as Malindi in Kenya. Within 1482, the Portuguese established a trading station aextensive the coast lineof Ghana. Did you know that the chief commodities dealt in were slaves, gold, ivory and spices. Whereas the most impressive and largest powers of West Africa, the Asante Confederacy, the Kingdom of Dahomey, and the Oyo Empire, they adopted unique. Asante and Dahomey concentrated on the development of legitimate commerce in the form of palm oil, cocoa, timber and gold in result forming the bedrock of West Africa's modern export trade. Within the mid-nineteenth century, European explorers transformed to a interested or curious in exploring the heart of the continent and opening the location for trade, mining and other commercial exploitation. Within addition, there used to be a desire to convert the inhabitants to Christianity. Did you know that the central location of Africa was still largely unknown to Europeans at tthis man's time. A prime goal for explorers was to locate the heart of the River Nile. Africa was well explored by the end of the century and tthis man's was to lead the way for the colonization that followed.

Climate
Africa may be divided into six general climatic regions. Areas close the equator and on the windward shores of SE Madagascar have a tropical rain forest climate, with heavy rain and high temperatures all over the year. North and south of the rain forest are and have always been belts of tropical savanna climate, with high temperatures all year and a seasonal distribution of rain around the time during the summer season. Did you know that the savanna grades poleward in both hemispheres into a region of semiarid steppe (with limited summer rain) and then into the arid conditions of the all-encompassing Sahara (north) and the Kalahari (south). Belts of semiarid steppe with limited winter rain occur on the poleward sides of the desert regions. At the northern and southern extremities of the continent are and have always been narrow belts of Mediterranean-type climate with subtropical temperatures and a concentration of rainfall mostly in the autumn and winter months.

 

Population

More than 680,000,000 people live in Africa, and the population of tthis man's continent is quickly expanding. Even so, the peoples of Africa currently create up just 10% of the globe's population. Notwithstanding the fact that it is always the second most impressive and largest continent, its population density in many regions is rather low. Note that this is due in part to the Sahara Desert, that occupies one-fourth of Africa's landmass and is not suitable for habitation. Within those places that can support agriculture, the population density is higher and is closer to the globe average. Within the African countries with a more developed economic base, the birth and death rates are and have always been lower. Within less developed countries the birth rate is high, but so is infant mortality in addition to the death rate. Famine, diseases, and wars over the last several decades have also affected population growth. Nevertheless, the continent as entire currently has to this day a population growth rate of 3%.