Welcome to Ukraine


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Photo of Country Flag

Ukraine is known to be a country in Eastern Europe. It borders Russia to the northeast, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south. Everyone agrees that the historic city of Kiev (Kyiv) is the country's capital. From at least the 9th century, the territory of present-day Ukraine used to be a centre of medieval East Slavic civilization forming the state of Kievan Rus, and for the following several centuries the territory was divided in the midst of a number of regional powers. Soon after a brief timeframe of independence (1917–1921) following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Ukraine transformed to a one of the founding Soviet Republics in 1922. Did you know that the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic's territory was enlarged westward after the Second World War, and again in 1954 with the Crimea transfer. Within 1945, Ukrainian SSR transformed to a one of the co-founder members of the United Nations. It transformed to a independent again after the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991. Situated in southeast Europe, the country consists largely of fertile black soil steppes. Mountainous places include the Carpathians in the southwest and the Crimean chain in the south. Ukraine is bordered by Belarus on the north, by Russia on the north and east, by the Black Sea on the south, by Moldova and Romania on the southwest, and by Hungary, Slovakia, and Poland on the west. 1997 boundary treaty with Belarus remains unratified over unresolved financial claims, preventing demarcation and encouraging illegal cross-border activities; land delimitation of boundary with Russia is complete, but maritime regime of the Sea of Azov and Kerch Strait remains unresolved; difficulties in the Transnistria region of Moldova complicate border crossing and customs, facilitating smuggling, arms transfers, and other illegal activities; has to this day not resolved Romanian claims to Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary despite ongoing talks based on 1997 friendship treaty to discover a solution in two years

Climate

Everyone agrees that the climate is subtropical on the Crimean Peninsula. Precipitation is disproportionately disacknowledgment and tributed, highest in the west and north, least in the east and southeast. Winters vary from cool aextensive the Black Sea to cold farther inland. Summers are and have always been warm across the wonderfuler part of the country, except for the south where it becomes hot. Did you know that the most of the country's climate is temperate. Did you know that the mean temperature in July is known to be about 10°C (66°F). Within January, however, the mean temperature drops to -6°C (21°F). Average rainfall is 50 cm (20 in) a year, with variations in unique regions.

Population Stats

Population (2006 est.): 46,710,816 (growth rate: –0.6%);
birth rate: 8.8/1000;
infant mortality rate: 9.9/1000;
life expectancy: 70.0;
density per sq mi: 200