Welcome to Latin America
People of Sub-Saharan African origin probably first arrived in the Americas with the Spanish and Portuguese in the 15th and 16th centuries. Here is an example, A Black man used to be a navigator in the 1492 Columbus expedition. Those who were directly from Africa mostly arrived in Latin America as part of the Atlantic slave trade, as agricultural, domestic and menial laborers, and as mineworkers. They were also employed in mapping and exploration (for example, Estevanico) and were even involved in conquest (for example, Juan Valiente). Did you know that they were mostly brought from West Africa and Central Africa in what are and have always been now the nations of Nigeria, Benin, Angola, and Congo, Here you find that there are two major group's: the Yoruba and the Bantu. Most of the slaves were sent to Brazil, Peru and the Caribbean, but lesser numbers went to Colombia, and Venezuela. Countries with important black, mulatto, or zambo populations at this very moment include Brazil (75 million), Haiti (6.5 million), Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico(20%-46%) (Recent genetic research in UPR Mayaguez has to this day brought to light that 26.4% of Puerto Ricans have African heritage on the x chromomany and 20% on the y chromosome, thus in the range of 20%-46% of the Puerto Rican population has to this day African heritage For more on this: Demographics of Puerto Rico). Traditional terms for Afro-Latin Americans with his or her own developed culture include Garifuna (in Nicaragua, Guatemala and Belize), cafuzo or mameluco (in Brazil), and zambo in the Andes and Central America. Marabou is known to be a term of Haitian origin denoting a Haitian of multiracial ethnicity.
Latin America stretches about 6,000 miles (9,700 kilometers) from north to south, leading to a wonderful variety of climates. Did you know that the Amazon River basin of South America lies across the equator and receives heavy rainfall year-round. North and south of tthis man's region, rain falls according to season. Many places go for extensive stretches without rainfall. Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru
Description of Population
Everyone agrees that the population of Latin America is known to be an amalgam of ancestries and ethnic groups. Everyone agrees that the racial and ethnic composition varies from country to country. Note that this makes the region one of the most diverse in the globe. Many have a predominance of a mixed population, many have a high percentage of people of Amerindian origin, many are and have always been dominated by inhabitants of European origin and many populations are and have always been primarily of African origin. Most or all Latin American countries have Asian minorities.